8 must-have products for the makeup newbie

8 must have products for the makeup newbie

I remember the first time I went to buy makeup for myself, I had no clue what I needed or how to wear  it. The lady at the counter was nice enough to help me buy the most expensive stuff and offered no advice on how to use it. There weren’t as many makeup tutorials back then either and it was harder to buy the right products. There are so many makeup ‘gurus’ now that it still seems confusing for a newbie, so here is another post to clarify(or confuse you further) the best products for a newbie.

  1. Primer – This product will change your whole makeup game. If you ever wonder how makeup artists achieve such flawless finish on their model’s then this is what you’ve been looking for. Makeup primers act like a base for the foundation, minimize the appearance of pores and also provide a smooth surface for the foundation to glide on. This is due to the silicones present in it.  So these can also be called skin perfectors. Primers also prevent your makeup from looking caked up and forgive you for all your skin sins(almost!). I am currently using Sephora Ultra Smoothing Primer, if this is too out of budget for you Maybelline Baby Skin Instant Pore Eraser Primer is a great budget friendly option.
  2. Foundation – Buying a foundation today has become as complicated as buying a house! You have cream foundations, stick foundations, liquid foundations, BB creams, CC creams, powders, cushions etc. And the list goes on. So what should you buy? Firstly you need to see what kind of coverage you need. If you don’t have any skin concerns then a light to medium coverage foundation is good enough. If you suffer from acne, rosacea or pigmentation  you’re going to need a full coverage foundation. According to experts, water-based foundations are good for oily skin and oil-based foun dations for dry skin. FavesEtude House Face Blur (BB cream) and Teint Idole Ultra 24H Wear & Comfort Foundation SPF 15.
  3. Setting powder – If you live in a hot country like I do, you have to face the sweltering heat 8 months in a year. So it’s a great idea to actually set your foundation or your makeup will start melting off your face. Post foundation make sure to press powder especially on oilier or sweatier parts of your face. Faves : Maybelline New York Fit Me Matte Plus Poreless Powder, Translucent.
  4. Eyeshadow quads –  No makeup look is complete without dolling up the eyes . But, when you’re a newbie like I was once all the matching of colours can get a bit confusing. So to make your life easier it is best to avoid buying big palettes and instead  buy a couple of eye shadow quads. My recommendation is to buy one nude palette for your day and one smoky for evening looks. Faves: L’Oreal Paris Color Riche Les Ombres Eye Shadow Quads and Maybelline Diamond Glow Quad Eye Shadow, Lilac Mauve.
  5. Eyeliner – A good quality kohl can transform your look. Whether used on the lid or in the waterline this gives a finished look to your makeup that no other product can achieve. Buy an eyeliner pen and a good non smudging kohl. FavesMaybelline The Colossal Liner and Maybelline New York Colossal Kajal.
  6. Lipliner – I am not going to include lipsticks in this list because that’s a very obvious one. How can you talk about makeup and exclude lipsticks, but because even the most clueless know about lipsticks and own a few as all. I am going to tell you about lipliners. Lipliners are to your lips what highlighters are to a book. They will help you improve the shape of your lips and get perfect luscious lips all women crave for.Faves : Colorbar Definer Lip Liner.
  7. Eyebrow pencil – Eyebrows are all the rage these days. Big, bold, over drawn and dark eyebrows are in vogue. So get with the trend and invest in a good quality eyebrow pencil. A good product is

    NYX Micro Eyebrow Pencil.

  8. Mascara – Lastly, the product that will give you those beautiful fluttry lashes just like Marilyn Monroe. The mascara. I highly recommend Maybelline The Falsies.

I’d love to hear your thoughts on the products I mentioned or any you believe I missed, do leave me a comment below!

The Secret to Beautiful Skin : AHAs and BHAs decoded

We are looking for that miracle ingredient that can simplify our skincare woes and help us keep beautiful, fresh and young skin all the time. We’re too lazy to go and get expensive treatments or they’re just so out of our budget that the skin we want remains a distant dream. But there is a skincare ingredient that can help you solve all these problems. AHAs and BHAs are touted to be those miracle ingredients that magically give you clear and fresh skin that maintains its youthful glow.

WHAT ARE AHAs?

AHA is an acronym for alpha hydroxy acids.These are chemical exfoliants and that are used in  chemical peels. These are water soluble acids that are known to dissolve the bond that holds the dead skin cells together. This leads to falling apart of the uppermost layer of skin, revealing brighter healthy skin underneath. Hence, evening out fine lines, improving skin tone and reducing pore size.

Since these are water soluble they are mainly used for normal to dry skin.They are known to enhance the water holding capacity of the skin.Studies show that regular use of AHAs increases dermal thickness(think plump skin!) and improve collagen density(no wrinkles,yay!).

Common AHAs are

  • Glycolic acid
  • Lactic acid
  • Mandelic acid
  • Tartaric acid
  • Malic acid
  • Citric acid

WHAT ARE BHAs?

BHAs are oil soluble acids known as beta hydroxy acids. These are known to unclog your pores and deeply clean them. BHAs help get rid of acne and are antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. These are used on oily skin and are very effective at breaking up sebum and degunking the skin by getting rid of whiteheads, blackheads and tiny bumps on the skin. Hence giving you a smooth flawless look.

Common BHAs

  • Salicylic acid
  • Citric acid(crossover acid)

HOW TO USE?

  • They should be used according to skin type. AHAs for dry tonormal and BHAs for Oily skin
  • When starting out, use in small quantities to test tolerance.
  • Use in a regular skincare routine after cleansing and toning.
  • For combination skin use AHAs on dry areas and BHAs on oily areas.
  • If you want to use both, use one in the morning and the other at night.
  • It is very important to wear sunscreen while using these treatments(and otherwise as well) since AHAs make skin photosensitive(sensitive to UV exposure).
  • There can be mild stinging and redness, skin may become dry and flaky. This should clear up in a few weeks.

Recommendations

1.

2.

How to make a cold compress?

Cold Compress are used by skin professionals during facial treatments, but you can use these at home to treat various conditions. A cold compress is used mainly to cool down the heat produced on the skin post a facial massage treatment. This helps balance the pH of the skin and tones the skin. These can also be used in the summer as a soothing treatment for heat rashes or sunburns.

METHOD OF PREPARATION

  1. Take a large piece of cotton.
  2. Soak these a good quality toner such as rose water, calendula water,etc.
  3. Keep this refrigerated for best effect.
  4. Remove and use whenever required.
  5. When using the cold compress make sure to squeeze it out with your fingertips and not the palm. This helps maintain its temperature.
  6. After you apply the compress pat it lightly for maximum effect.

How to treat a Sunburn?

Sunburn Treatment

A Sunburn is the condition in which excessive exposure to the sun causes redness, itching and inflammation(swelling) of the skin. Following are some tips for its treatment.

  1. Avoid going out in the Sun after getting a sunburn.
  2.  It is important to dissipate the heat that has penetrated into the layers of the skin, so it is important to apply cooling gels such as aloevera and cold compresses.
  3.  Avoid applying ice since it will cause a different type of burn.
  4. Avoid putting thick ointments and creams to relieve the skin, these can trap the heat and make the condition worse.
  5. Apply cold milk or yoghurt these will help absorb heat from the skin.
  6. Cold cucumber can be mashed and applied for a soothing effect.
  7. Boil and mash a potato apply this over the sunburn, starch in potatoes is known to absorb heat from the skin.

It is best to use a Sunscreen before stepping out in the Sun to prevent Sunburns.

Everything you need to know about Sunscreen

Sunshine and Sunscreens

Why do we need Sunscreen?

Sunscreens are cosmetic products that protect your skin from the suns UV rays. A lot of research has been done on the effects of these rays on our skin. The sun emits several different types of rays, including light rays, UV rays, infrared rays and X-rays. The UV rays are known to cause damage to our skin. There are 3 types of known UV rays, UVA which cause wrinkling and aging of the skin such as pigmentation and sun spots, UVB rays which burn your skin and cause tanning and UVC rays effects of which are yet unknown. So we need to use Sunscreen to protect ourselves from the known and unknown effects of the UV rays.

What is in Sunscreen?

I’m sure you have heard the word SPF thrown around whenever someone talks about Sunscreens. But, what exactly is SPF? SPF refers to Sun Protection Factor, this is a numeric value used to rate Sunscreens. Basically, 1 SPF = 15 mins of Protection from the Sun. But, SPF is only used to denote protection from UVB rays.

To protect yourself from UVA rays it is necesssary that you use a broad spectrum or a multi-spectrum sunscreen. There is no international standard for quantifying UVA protection, Japan uses a PA system, whereas, Europe uses a star rating system.

It is important to look for Titanium Dioxide and Zinc Oxide on your sunscreen’s ingredient list. These two ingredients are physical blocks that provide the best protection without reacting with your skin, making them hypoallergenic.

Whereas, chemical action ingredients such as Mexoryl,octo-methoxy cinnamate, sulphonic acid etc. only mitigate the effects of the UV rays and are known to cause allergic reactions on skin. They are also know to be endocrine disruptors, hence are being replaced by other ingredients.

How to properly use Sunscreen?

When using Sunscreen, it is most important to use it generously. You’re sunscreen is only going to be effective if it actually covers your skin. You must apply sunscreen to all exposed parts of your body.

Sunscreen should be the last product in your skincare routine, since any product applied over it will reduce its effectiveness.The only product you can apply over your sunscreen is a face powder preferably with an SPF.

An important thing to note is that SPFs do not add up, that is, wearing a foundation with SPF 15 and a face powder with SPF 10 will not give you an SPF of 25 but only SPF 15.

Recommendation

Use a multi-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF 15 for regular use. Apply sunscreen 20 minutes before stepping out and every 2 hours while you’re in the sun. When swimming use a sunscreen marked a water resistant(provides protection for 40 minutes) or very water resistant(80 minutes protection).

How your ammonia based hair colour causing permanent damage to your hair?

Damage to hair by Ammonia

Hair colouring is not a new trend. People in ancient times used natural dyes to colour their hair and with the advent of time moved on to chemical dyes. The first synthetic dye was created by the founder of L’Oreal in 1907.  Hair colouring provides cosmetic benefit by covering greys and enhancing ones looks.

WHAT IS IN MY HAIR COLOUR?

Permanent hair colours use ammonia as an alkaline agent. Ammonia performs the function of opening up the hair cuticle and allowing the colour to penetrate the cortex. A combination of ammonia and hydrogen peroxide neutralize the existing pigments hence lightening the existing colour of hair, this means that the deposited colour will bee brighter.

HOW IS IT DAMAGING MY HAIR?

Ammonia causes the cuticle of the hair to open by raising the pH of the hair shaft. Protein and moistue escape from the hair shaft due to the opening of the cuticle. Once opened, it is impossible to close the hair shaft. The raised pH of the hair also adds to hair damage. Repeated use of ammonia-based hair colour degrades the hair structure and makes it dry, brittle and unhealthy looking.

ARE THERE ANY ALTERNATIVES?

Most hair colour brands are now launching ammonia free versions of their products. These contain ethanolamine which is safer for use on hair and is known to cause less damage.

So next time you are going to your salon for a touchup or a change of colour, make sure you ask for Ammonia-free or try our at home natural hair colour recipe !

 

DIY Natural Hair Colour Recipe

DIY Natural Hair Colour
DIY Natural Hair Colour

We all look for the fountain of youth, to somehow preserve our faces and bodies from the wear and tear of life. To keep the skin tight and hair, well, whatever colour we were born with. We try to hide every wrinkle under makeup and every grey hair by colouring.

But, repeatedly subjecting your hair to chemical colours can lead to adverse effects.  Most colours contain ammonia which can severely alter the pH of your hair causing irreperable damage, even colours without ammonia contain ethanolamine which is considered to affect the hair in a similar manner. [You can read more on how your hair colour is causing permanent damage to your hair.]

So, if you were thinking of colouring your hair but were unsure of the effects of the harsh chemicals on your hair, we have a natural organic hair colour recipe that will colour your hair but not damage it.

These recipes need to be altered depending on the length and thickness of your hair.

Disclaimer: Even though these colours are natural it is always recommended that you do a patch test before application to check for allergies.

Dark Brown Hair

Indigo Powder      2 parts

Henna Powder      1 part

Mix the two powders add a bit of water to get a thick paste, let it sit for 20-30 minutes and then apply to hair.

Medium Brown Hair

Coffee Powder        2 parts

Henna Powder       1 part

Amla Powder          1 part

Mix the two powders and add a bit of water to get a thick paste, let it sit for 20-30 minutes and then apply to hair.

Auburn Hair

Henna Powder        1 part

Lemon Juice             1 tbsp

Mix the Henna and lemon juice and add a bit of water to get a thick paste, let it sit for 2-3 hours so that the henna can release its colour and then apply to hair.

Rich Burgundy Hair

Henna Powder          1 part

Lemon juice               1 tbsp

Beetroot juice             1 cup

Mix the Henna, beetroot juice and lemon juice and add a bit of water if required, let it sit for 2-3 hours so that the henna can release its colour and then apply to hair.

Avoid shampooing your hair for atleast 12 hours after the application of these colours, just rinse with water. You can add any good quality hair oil to the colour for deep conditioning.

If you try any of these hair colour recipes do let us know in the comments!

 

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